CFTR | Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator | ATP-Binding Cassette Sub-family C Member 7

Family:
ABC binding cassette superfamily of primary active transporters

Topology:
CFTR is encoded by the CFTR gene. The protein consists of five domains. There are two transmembrane domains, each with six spans of alpha helices. These are each connected to a nucleotide binding domain (NBD) in the cytoplasm. The first NBD is connected to the second transmembrane domain by a regulatory "R" domain that is a unique feature of CFTR, not present in other ABC transporters. The ion channel only opens when its R-domain has been phosphorylated by PKA and ATP is bound at the NBDs. The carboxyl terminal of the protein is anchored to the cytoskeleton by a PDZ-interacting domain.

Function:
CFTR functions as an ATP-gated anion channel, that conducts chloride and thiocyanate ions across epithelial cell membranes. ATP-driven conformational changes in CFTR open and close a gate to allow transmembrane flow of anions down their electrochemical gradient. Mutations of the CFTR gene affecting chloride ion channel function lead to dysregulation of epithelial fluid transport in the lung, pancreas and other organs, resulting in cystic fibrosis.

 

Data and Applications

CFTR - Regulation

CFTR

icon pl   Patchliner data and applications:

The Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) is activated by forskolin. The upper graph shows the timecourse of currents recorded at +95 mV. The bar above the data indicates the time of compound application. Arrows indicate data from which time points were averaged in the lower figure (n = 3).

You can download the full report here.

 

 

Application Notes

Publications

 

 

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